We use the term “an abstract” to refer to the brief version of one’s ultimate report written for a science fair. In most cases, it shouldn’t be longer than 250 words. Abstract of a project, presented on a scientific fair should not just precede the project’s text, but also appear on a display board.
According to the majority of engineers and scientists, all abstracts should include such pieces:
When writing your scientific abstract, it’s best to avoid certain things, to make the piece understandable and interesting for your target audience. Do not include into your abstract:
An abstract written for a scientific fair project will let people determine whether they’d like to read through the whole report. Expect only one-tenth of people to read the report till the end. The main principle here is similar to advertising. To make the audience and judges excited about your project, you should create an engaging and exciting abstract.
While a scientific abstract is very short, each of its sections usually is only 1-2 sentences long. Thus, each word you use should convey the key message. Use a thesaurus to find better equivalents for vague or boring words. Cut out the ones that don’t bring any important information. However, even the short length of the abstract shouldn’t stop you from reinforcing the main point: you can state it in several different ways or refer to it in several sections.
From their own experience, many authors know that it’s harder to create a short written piece than a long one. Here is a pro tip: when writing your initial draft, concentrate on its contents rather than on the word count. Just remember to include all the important information. Next, read through the draft and cross out all sentences, phrases, and words that are not as important. Try to combine some sentences which is another way to make the text shorter. Finally, put the abstract aside, and return to editing it after a while – with the fresh eyes, it will be easier for you to find more phrases that can be cut out. That’s how you make your abstract concise, informative and convincing.
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